What is the role of Physiotherapy in Neuro Rehabilitation?

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Physiotherapy and neuro rehabilitation

At the first glance, physiotherapy seems to be a medical field that aids and cures people facing locomotive or movement related problems. And, most of the people identify it as a way to cure aches, body pains, muscle stiffness, impaired body movement and joint movements that might be a result of malformations since birth or recovery after a trauma. Some people confuse the Neuro Physiotherapy with the post-operative spinal and neurological physiotherapy. The post-operative physiotherapy is administered as a curative therapy after a surgical procedure that was done after a traumatic accident.

Hence, when it comes to advanced healing and curative practices such as Neuro rehabilitation, they fail to associate it with physiotherapy. This is also one of the reasons behind people being unable to get the right treatment at the right time.

In the following write-up, we are going to share some of the most comprehensive digs about the role of physiotherapy in Neuro rehabilitation and how it can help people in better recovery.

Let us begin by having an overview of the term – neurological physiotherapy.

What is neurological physiotherapy?

Role of Physiotherapy in Neuro Rehabilitation

All the disorders and diseases that are caused by the problems within the nervous system and/or neuromuscular system of the body are categorized under the Neurological disorders. And, the medical field that works for the correction of the impaired movement and functional disorders of people suffering from neurological disorders is termed as neurological physiotherapy.

Such patients suffer from different types of problems related to movement or general locomotion, such as hindered, altered or complete absence of different types of movements in the body. The manifestation of neurological disorders begin as muscle weakness, poor body balance, weakened or altered muscle coordination, and loss of muscle functioning etc. Uncontrolled muscle spasm, tremors, reduced muscle sensation and absence of normal muscle function are some other symptoms of neurological disorders.

Some other functional disorders are:

  • Spinal cord and traumatic brain injuries
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Stroke, TIA or CVA
  • Parkinson’s disease

Now, the physiotherapy practices that are administered to cure the after-effects of all the above-mentioned and many other neurological problems are called neurological physiotherapy. It involves the rehabilitation of people suffering from such disorders. These people face troubles while performing physical activities as well. Their muscle strength is weakened and the range of body movement and body balance is also affected. Many patients also find general mobility difficult. The neurological physiotherapists aim towards rehabilitation via examination and treatment of all such physical problems.

So, apart from improving the quality of life, the neurological physiotherapy aims towards curing a person. As the manifestation of neurological disorders varies across different persons, every person is prescribed a different set of exercises, curative physiotherapy and movement routines. The extent of damage or movement restriction and symptoms are taken into consideration while devising a recovery plan for the patients.

Principles of Neurological Physiotherapy

There are many principles of rehabilitation in neurological physiotherapy. The reputed hospitals offering physiotherapy treatment in Thrissur follow these principles to deliver impeccable medical care and attention to the patients. We are mentioning some of the most important principles of rehabilitation in neurological physiotherapy:

  • The human brain is a dynamic organ that is capable of adapting to the physical and physiological changes caused by an injury to the brain or spinal cord.
  • Normal movement and function encouragement lead to speedy, better and long-lasting recovery.
  • Promoting functional activities stemming from daily tasks promotes better recovery in neurological patients.
  • If the neurological physiotherapists have a problem solving and eclectic approach towards patient rehabilitation, they can adapt their treatment plans as per the extent of damage or injury in the musculo-skeletal system.
  • Using verbal and visual prompts can make the patients learn and think about the task and adapt to the treatment plan.
  • Tackling muscle shortening with proclivity can lead to prevention of muscle spasticity and/or abnormal muscle movements.
  • Patient rehabilitation becomes better and easier by opting for a team approach, implementing realistic goals and active engagement of the patient in physiotherapy sessions.
  • Correction of posture while lying, sitting, standing and in other positions, allows the patients to achieve a greater degree of independence and lead a life with improved quality.
  • Begin by encouraging every, and any movement that is possible and proceed by building on that movement. Muscle strengthening, verbal feedback, sensory stimulation, and positive reinforcement are some of the best ways to do the same.

Role of Physiotherapy in Neuro Rehabilitation

Neuro Physiotherapy is also called Specialist Physiotherapy that aims towards the rehabilitation of patients suffering from neurological conditions. It gained momentum in the latter half of the 20th century and is now extensively employed for patient rehabilitation.

The Bobath Approach is one of the most effective and highly beneficial approaches for Neuro physiotherapy. It aims at restoring the normal movement of the affected body parts and stems from the fact that the brain has an ability to adapt to changes and rehabilitate after a stroke.

Physiotherapists work to restore the optimal functional potential of the muscles and damaged body parts such that it is within his or her limits and needs.

The physiotherapy treatment techniques relax the tightened muscles and stimulate the weakened muscles. The physiotherapists handle the affected body parts such that the patient is guided towards normal and improved body movement. As a result, the patient gains better control over his body and needs less assistance for performing daily functions.

The physiotherapists also set different goals, including the functional routine that is relevant to the patient and his lifestyle. They also impart appropriate handling skills to the family members and make sure that the patient can return to his career after recovery.

The physiotherapeutic rehabilitation doesn’t stop even after the discharge. This is because once the patient is back to the routine, many new and unprecedented barriers may arise that can limit the movement and rehabilitation of the disabled person. Lack of confidence and lack of emotional support from the people around can lead the patient to eventually avoiding a normal life. This can amount to depression and isolation as well.

Hence, the guidance and encouragement from a professional physiotherapist plays a crucial role in the holistic rehabilitation of the patient and can motivate him to return to an involved and active lifestyle. Physical therapy, when combined with Ayurveda, is ideal for recovery from many diseases. Therefore, you can also choose any Ayurveda hospital in Kerala which provides physiotherapy treatment too.

This completes our discussion. We hope all our readers find it helpful and choose the rightmost treatment and recovery path.

Thanks for reading!

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