Why Do People Get Vertigo?

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Have you ever been to an amusement park and experienced the twirls of giant wheels? If yes, you can understand what exactly vertigo spells feel like. 

If you are experiencing sudden twirls while working in an office, accomplishing daily chores, or while walking down the lane, you may be likely suffering from vertigo conditions.

A sensation of spinning where a person feels he is spinning or nearby surroundings is spinning all by itself, which is not the case, in reality, it is known as vertigo. Sudden bouts of vertigo spells may occur anytime without any warning and subside on self or may last from minutes to hours or even days, depending upon the severity of the condition. Dizziness, nausea, vomiting, headaches, and changes in vision are often experienced by patients experiencing vertigo spells.

Vertigo is not an ailment rather it is a symptom of various underlying causes. Vertigo conditions are experienced by a majority of people at least once in a lifetime. Age factor may sometimes contribute to the emergence of vertigo spells but that’s not always the case. Other possible reasons cause vertigo in people. 

Recurring episodes of vertigo bouts makes it difficult for a person to live with it as it creates hindrance in accomplishing simple daily tasks like walking, running, etc. Mild vertigo conditions are treated well at home with vertigo home remedies and practicing vertigo exercises regularly at home. If the case becomes severe and you are experiencing vertigo spells for long hours, it is advised to consult a doctor immediately to get yourself diagnosed. 

An expert neurologist will examine your condition closely by seeking your complete medical history and ask you to undergo a series of vertigo tests to diagnose the underlying vertigo causes. He would prescribe a dose of vertigo medicines to ease the symptoms and suggest the right vertigo treatments and therapies depending on the underlying vertigo cause. Slight negligence on your part makes your vertigo symptoms worse. It is recommended to pay attention as soon as symptoms start appearing to alleviate them at earliest. 

In this article, we will throw light on why people experience vertigo conditions. Let’s get started!

What are the common Vertigo causes?

An inflammation infection, or disorder in the inner ear or the vestibular system often results in causing vertigo in patients. Vertigo can even be caused due to an inflammation in the central nervous system or brainstem. Let’s have a detailed look at some of the most common vertigo causes:

1. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) 

It is one of the most common causes of positional vertigo diagnosed in a large percentage of patients who experience sudden bouts of vertigo spells. A person suffering from Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) experiences a feeling of spinning or swaying all of a sudden that lasts for a few seconds to minutes depending upon the severity of the condition. 

In BPPV, a person may experience deposition of calcium crystals in the inner ear which blocks the vestibular nerve, responsible for sending sensory signals from the inner ear to the brain to regulate body balance. 

Symptoms of BPPV get triggered due to the sudden movements in the position of the head. Waking up after a long sleep triggers the symptoms of BPPV vertigo as well due to rolling in the bed during sleep. It displaces the calcium carbonate crystals thus resulting in making you feel dizzy as soon as you wake up in the morning. 

It can be treated well at home by altering certain lifestyle habits and practicing certain repositioning maneuvers regularly for up to three weeks as it helps in repositioning the calcium crystals. It is advised to seek the guidance of an expert doctor for right postures and techniques before practicing vertigo exercises as it involves a series of head and body movements. If the condition is severe, he may even prescribe you with a dose of certain vertigo medicines or suppressants to ease the vertigo symptoms caused due to BPPV. 

2. Labyrinthitis 

Labyrinthitis is an inner ear disorder that affects the person’s hearing ability and balance due to inflammation in any of the vestibular nerves and in the cochlear nerve responsible for maintaining balance and hearing. A person suffering from Labyrinthitis experiences loss of equilibrium and vertigo conditions as soon as the condition strikes. A simple cold, flu, or a middle ear infection that spreads into the inner ear results in causing Labyrinthitis. Sudden bouts of vertigo spells, loss of hearing ability accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and dizziness are some of the common symptoms of Labyrinthitis. Consult an expert neurologist is a must as soon as you start experiencing any labyrinthitis symptoms to get the best treatment on time to alleviate symptoms completely. 

Getting yourself diagnosed for the underlying cause of Labyrinthitis is a must before taking any treatment as it is caused due to both viral and bacterial infections. Both show similar sets of symptoms but treatments are entirely different. 

3. Vestibular neuritis

An inflammation or disorder in the vestibular nerves present in the inner ear is known as vestibular neuritis. Vestibular nerves present in the inner ear are responsible for sending sensory signals from the inner ear to the brain that regulates the balance of the body. The inflamed nerves result in sending unclear signals to the brain and make a person lose balance all of a sudden. A person suffering from vestibular neuritis experiences vertigo spells. The symptoms of vestibular neuritis take up to 3-4 weeks to subside completely. If the condition is severe then a person may experience vertigo spells now and then, it is advised to seek medical help immediately. An expert neurologist will suggest the right treatment and prescribe certain vertigo medicines to ease spinning sensations.

4. Meniere’s disease 

When a person experiences a fluid build up in the inner ear it is known as Meniere’s disease. The increased pressure in the inner ear caused by fluid build-up results in causing sudden bouts of dizziness and vertigo spells, sometimes accompanied by tinnitus and hearing loss if not treated on time. A person may experience Meniere disease in both the ears or either of the one. Treating the condition on time helps in giving much relief.

5. Some other reasons

Apart from the above-mentioned causes of vertigo conditions, a person may experience vertigo spells due to the following reasons as well:

  • Acoustic neuroma
  • Head or neck injury 
  • Trauma or stroke
  • Whiplash injury
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Vestibular migraines 
  • Health conditions like diabetes & low blood pressure

Treating a vertigo condition entirely depends on the underlying vertigo cause. Get yourself diagnosed by an expert neurologist and get the right vertigo treatment to alleviate symptoms completely. Your health should be your priority!

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